A committee headed by former Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chairman K Kasturirangan submitted a draft of the new education policy to Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank last year. It was during this time that Nishank took charge of the ministry. The draft of the new education policy was made public for the opinion of various parties and the Ministry received more than two lakh suggestions on it.
In new education policy NCERT will prepare curriculum for elementary education i.e. three to six years old children. The National Literacy Mission will be launched for children from six to nine years (from first to third grade). It aims to develop basic literacy and understanding of numerals in children. Additional course activities will be included in the core curriculum. From class six onwards professional work will be done.
Under the new education policy, the guidelines given to children up to the fifth standard will be in the mother tongue or regional / local language. It can also be applied to classes eighth or above. This decision has been made to arouse children’s interest in their mother tongue. Let us know that in the recent Uttar Pradesh Board Examination result, a large number of students failed in Hindi.
Along with this, Sanskrit at all levels and foreign languages at secondary level will also be proposed. However, the policy makes it clear that no language will be imposed on children. Let me tell you that there was a lot of controversy on this issue in June last year. The southern states had objected to this, saying that children in schools there could not be forced to read Hindi.
Special syllabus 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 has been implemented for school education. Under this, a child of three to six years will study in the same way so that his basic literacy and numeracy can be increased. After this, subjects will be introduced in the secondary school ie 6-8 class. Fashion studies along with physics will also be allowed. Software coding will be taught to children from class six onwards.
In higher education, there will now be a choice of multiple entry and exit. That is, students will have many options after 12th. There will be three and four year courses. The entry process will be made more flexible. Students will be able to get admission in it at many levels or they can move towards other options if they miss their studies in between.
There will be a four-year degree program for those who want to go into research. Whereas those who want to get into jobs will do a three-year degree program. But those who want to go into research can do PhD with a one-year MA followed by a four-year degree program. M.Phil. Will not be needed.
Now colleges will be given autonomy on the basis of acceptance or certification. There will be only one regulator for higher education. Currently UGC, AICTE are included. However, legal and medical education (legal and medical education) will not be included.
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