Efforts to revive the nuclear deal with Iran have intensified as Joe Biden’s presidency in the US draws near. There are reports that contacts have been made between Iran and diplomats of other countries involved in the deal. The agreement was signed between Iran and six other countries in July 2015.
The countries that signed the agreement from the other side included Germany besides five permanent members of the UN Security Council. The United States, China, Russia, Britain and France are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The European Union also put its seal on this agreement.
This agreement, called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), is colloquially called the Iran Nuclear Agreement. The purpose of this agreement was to prevent Iran from building nuclear weapons. Donald Trump trumped the US from the deal in May 2018 after becoming president in 2017. After that Iran also withdrew from this agreement. According to recent reports, Iran again started enriching uranium after withdrawing from the agreement. Today, it has a much higher reserves of enriched uranium than in 2018.
Iran and European diplomats are said to have been in online talks two days ago. In this, the agenda of the meeting of the foreign ministers of the countries involved in the agreement was considered. US elected president Joe Biden has said he wants to bring America back to the Iran nuclear deal. But they have not given much information about what steps they will take for this. Also, when they will initiate this, it is also not clear.
But Iran’s President Hassan Ruhani said on Thursday that he had no doubt that the Biden administration would revive the Iran nuclear deal. At the same time, it will lift all sanctions on Iran.
On Wednesday, Iran’s supreme religious leader Ayatollah Khameni said that if the US agreed to lift the embargo, Iran would have no objection to joining the deal again. Earlier in early December, Hassan Ruhani said that the agreement could be restored without any negotiation. He said that for this, Biden had to sign only one page of paper. With that signature, we will get to where we were before. Ruhani said that permanent members from the UN Security Council and Germany will have to return to their promise and we will do the same.
In 2015, the rest of the countries promised economic incentives to Iran in exchange for accepting restrictions on the nuclear program. But they have not made any special effort to fulfill this promise so far. Now Iran wants that if the agreement comes into force again, the rest of the countries involved should not just make hollow promises, but act in practice.
Meanwhile, the Russian representative for the Iran nuclear deal, Mikhail Ulyanov, said in a tweet that the countries involved in the agreement have reaffirmed their commitment to the nuclear deal. They are ready to make diplomatic efforts to ensure that the deal is fully implemented.
Although there have been reports recently in Western media that Iran has greatly increased the reserves of enriched uranium, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) says that Iran has been continuously allowing its inspectors to conduct inspections in their country. Meanwhile, Iran’s famous nuclear scientist Mohsin Fakhrizad was killed recently.
Iran alleges that the killing was done by Israel, which has created tension in the region. Analysts speculate that Israel may have taken this step only to prevent the renegotiation of the nuclear deal. Despite this, expectations have been raised since the beginning of contact between diplomats on both sides. Biden was the vice president when the Iran nuclear deal was reached. It is now expected that he will revive it while being President.