The results of the parliamentary election in Venezuela today are eagerly awaited throughout Latin America. According to Indian time, counting of votes will start soon after the polling ends at 4.30 am on Monday. The ideology of former President Ugo Chavez is at stake in this election.
Chávez’s successor and current president Nicolas Maduro has said that he will accept the election results no matter what. Maduro has remained in power, despite continued opposition from the US and several attempts to overthrow the coup. If Maduro’s party loses in the parliamentary elections, it will not create constitutional compulsion to step down from his presidency immediately, but he will become politically weak.
Since Chavez came to power in 1998, the American camp has laid siege to Venezuela. But Chavez or his supporters have remained in power for the last 22 years. Five years ago Maduro’s party- PSUV lost in the parliamentary election, but Maduro again won the subsequent presidential election. The US has since alleged that Maduro won the election rigging.
Taking a dig at this, Maduro said on Friday that election results do not come many days later in Venezuela, like the US, do not come many days later. These results will come immediately after the voting and whatever mandate will be there, they will accept it. His reference was to President Donald Trump, who has not yet given up despite more than a month of the US presidential election.
In Venezuela, two leftist groups and three rightist groups are in the fray this time. This is the first time since Chavez came to power that the left wing camp has split. Therefore, the position of President Maduro’s party is being described as weak. In this election, 27 million voters will elect 277 members of Parliament. Venezuela has a mixed system of direct and proportional elections.
This time 48 members will be elected from the national list system and 96 members will be elected from the regional list for the first time. 130 members will be directly elected from the constituencies. Three seats have been reserved for the indigenous communities. The five-year term of the new parliament will begin next January 5. In Venezuela, voting takes place using a touch screen voting machine, which also records through a paper trail.
Venezuela has called several observers to confirm the fairness of the election. Observers from the United Nations, African Union, CARICOM, Council of Latin American Electrol Experts, etc. are monitoring the elections. But the European Union refused to send its party, as Venezuela refused to accept its election amid the Corona epidemic.
The PSUV and its allies won only 55 seats in the 2015 elections. There were only 166 members in Parliament then. 109 seats were won by the right-wing coalition. This time the PSUV alliance has been divided into two parts. But a big right wing has boycotted the election. Therefore, there is uncertainty regarding the results.
According to election observers, the eyes are really on seeing how the anti-Maduro parties win by a large margin. Due to a large right wing faction not participating in the election, it is estimated that this time the difference of victory of right wing parties is less than five years ago. It is believed that the public support for President Maduro will be known from this election. On that, the future of Chavismo, or Chavez’s ideology in Venezuela, will depend.