After the Biden administration’s announcement of upholding the One China policy, there are now speculations as to whether the US will really move towards reducing tension from China. Former President Donald Trump’s administration, in its last days, took a number of steps that were deemed to practically recognize Taiwan as a separate country. On 20 January, three days after assuming power, Biden’s administration expressed full support for Taiwan despite China’s military pressure. At that time it was not clear whether the new administration would also follow the policy of the Trump era, or go back to the old One China policy. But on Wednesday, when asked a clear question about this, US State Department spokesman Ned Price bluntly said that “our old policy has not changed.”
But experts say that this policy has always been vague and full of confusion. Referring to the US dilemma on Thursday, diplomat Joshua Keating wrote on a website that the relationship between the US and Taiwan is not the same on earth. He noted that Taiwan is America’s ninth largest trading partner. He is one of the largest buyers of American weapons. At the time, stopping the growing influence of China has become the most important aspect in America’s East Asia policy, at that time the importance of Taiwan in US policy is bound to increase. The US policy on supporting Taiwan is strongly agreed upon by the two major parties – the ruling Democratic Party and the opposition Republican Party. Under this, the US has not recognized Taiwan as an independent country under the long-standing policy.
Analysts say recognizing Taiwan would mean a direct confrontation with China. Taiwan has been a part of China. When the communist revolution took place in China in 1949, the people of the then ruling class fled to Taiwan and declared it a separate country. Since then, the US continued to consider Taiwan-based government as the government of China until three decades later. But after America’s relationship with communist China returned to normal in the 1970s, the then President Jimmy Carter recognized the Beijing-based government as the entire Chinese government in 1979.
Most countries of the world, including America, still follow the One China policy. In this way, they consider the Beijing-based government as part of China’s government and technically Taiwan as part of China. The Trump administration initiated a concrete change in this matter. In the last days of his tenure, the Trump administration put more emphasis on this policy and took some special steps. But then it was largely seen as a move to create trouble for the incoming Biden administration. Now the Biden administration has made it clear that it will continue to follow the One China policy. But he will follow this policy like Trump’s earlier phase of becoming president, which analysts suspect.
Trump, after becoming President in 2016, accepted Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen’s phone and congratulated him. This was the first conversation of the President of Taiwan with the US President since 1979. Although Joe Biden has not spoken directly to the Taiwanese president, his nominated foreign minister Antony Blinken spoke to Tsai after winning his presidential election. A US-based Taiwanese diplomat (actually considered Taiwan’s ambassador to the US) was invited to Biden’s swearing-in ceremony. Experts say that this is a clear indication that the Biden administration will formally have a more friendly relationship with Taiwan than the pre-presidential era. It is certain to pass on to China.
China’s policy towards Taiwan has so far been to convince the people there to reintroduce their territory with their mainland. But China has always said that its military options are open to achieve this objective. Recently he has also demonstrated his military prowess near Taiwan. Expert Joshua Keating wrote that the real problem would arise if China took an aggressive stand. Otherwise, the Biden administration would not like to engage in any war at the moment. But it would be difficult for the Biden administration to back down the relationship with Taiwan in view of domestic public opinion by Trump.